Arthroscopic surgery is an orthopedic surgical procedure that helps to treat joint problems. Surgeons use this procedure to treat, diagnose and visualize the exact problem a person is facing in their joints. In order to make a proper evaluation of the problem, an orthopedic surgeon will make a small incision in the skin and insert instruments that are sized of a pencil.
These instruments contain a lighting system and a small lens which helps to illuminate the structures of the joint. With the help of the light illuminated from these instruments, they can have a look at the joint to understand what and where the problem is and rectify it accordingly. Moreover, this form of diagnosis and treatment is a lot more accurate since it helps to check the tendons, muscles, ligaments, cartilage and even bones.
There can be various reasons why a person may have to undergo joint replacement. When a person faces acute pain and has difficulty moving their joints due to cartilage damage; the orthopedic fist suggests non-surgical treatments likes physical therapy, medications and basic lifestyle changes. However, if the problem still continuous and nothing proves to be helpful, then a joint replacement is recommended. If there are any complications or risks, the doctor will inform you well in advance and also let you know what alternatives or options are available.
In order to ensure that everything goes well at the time of the surgery, the doctor will recommend certain tests to check the overall health of the patient. The test results will help the specialists to plan the surgery accordingly keeping in mind the observations and analysis made of the tests taken. He/She will also let the patient know what kind of post-procedure care and arrangements have to be made for a proper and speedy recovery. A step-by-step planning will be done to remove the damaged bone or cartilage and replace it with a prosthesis mimic of the joint.